《1368个单词就够了》单词表

文章目录
  1. 1. 前言
  2. 2. 名词
    1. 2.1. 具体名词
      1. 2.1.1. 有关物
      2. 2.1.2. 有关人
    2. 2.2. 抽象名词
    3. 2.3. 构成类名词
    4. 2.4. 属性类名词
      1. 2.4.1. 静态属性
      2. 2.4.2. 动态属性
  3. 3. 动词
    1. 3.1. 单纯型动词
    2. 3.2. 世故型动词
  4. 4. 形容词
    1. 4.1. 物的属性与构成
    2. 4.2. 人的属性与构成
    3. 4.3. 事的属性与构成
    4. 4.4. 综合属性
    5. 4.5. 事物关系
  5. 5. 介词
    1. 5.1. 动态位置
    2. 5.2. 静态位置
  6. 6. 其他词
    1. 6.1. 副词
    2. 6.2. 连词
    3. 6.3. 限定词
    4. 6.4. 代词
    5. 6.5. 疑问代词
    6. 6.6. 冠词
    7. 6.7. 感叹词
    8. 6.8. 缩略词
    9. 6.9. 数词

前言

《1368个单词就够了》一书中,把单词分为五大类:名词、动词、形容词、介词、其他词。

在单词的使用选择时,遵循四个原则:

  • 挑个大的
  • 挑实心的
  • 挑软乎的
  • 自产自用

名词

名词除了专用名词外,可以分为具体名词、抽象名词、构成类名词和属性类名词。

具体名词

具体名词:背下来就可以。
总单词量:355个
类别:38个
具体名词主要是指那些看得见、摸得着,或者能感受得到的具体事物。

有关物

时间类
time morning afternoon noon evening night tonight today tomorrow yesterday weekend year season spring autumn winter day date moment period history future birthday holiday festival schedule age

气候类
weather rain snow wind cloud

自然类
nature mountain air light water fire ice smoke heat ground sky river field forest sea stone star

植物类
plant grass tree crop

动物类
animal bird cat dog horse rabbit elephant bear tiger lion bull cow pig chicken fish sheep monkey snake reptile

昆虫类
insect bee butterfly spider

其他生物
bacteria

地点类
place hospital restaurant hotel university factory jail zoo park school store club bar court market town village city

机构类
organization company charity

声音类
sound voice noise music

食品类
food egg meat steak bread cake dessert soup sandwich noodle pie chocolate sauce

餐饮类
meal breakfast lunch dinner

蔬菜类
vegetable potato tomato carrot lettuce bean

水果类
fruit apple orange banana

食材类
ingredient oil sugar salt butter cream

饮料类
drink coffee milk tea juice beer wine alcohol

营养类
nutrient mineral vitamin protein

疾病类
disease fever flu cancer

房屋类
house office room floor wall window door roof kitchen

家具类
furniture bed chair desk table seat couch

服装类
clothes shirt shoes cap hat coat dress pants uniform suits underwear pocket jeans button zip sock

首饰类
jewelry diamond ring

化妆品
cosmetics perfume lipstick powder

交通类
transport traffic bicycle ship boat plane train

车辆类
vehicle motorcycle bus car truck brake engine gear tire wheel

路桥类
road street bridge station

装置类
device lock key bell scale tap

设备类
equipment shower radio telephone camera computer TV fridge video

容器类
container box cup dish plate bowl basket tub sink pot pan

材料类
material cloth paper glass plastic gold paint chemical

日常用品类
toy brush mirror chain board handle cartoon bottle wood clock knife
pen book album menu card envelope ticket pipe tube wire belt web film
screen gift channel alarm electricity towel carpet tool junk fork spoon
medicine drug pill

数量
couple double load pack lot

单位
unit meter inch pound gram piece

事情
thing issue matter stuff object event

有关人

家庭角色类
parent daughter son father mother brother sister husband wife uncle
aunt grandfather grandmother role

社会角色类
kid child baby boy girl man woman friend lady gentleman boss
customer student neighbor person volunteer fool sir madam

职业类
job doctor nurse professor lawyer engineer teacher coach guard judge

群体类
group people class team human staff society generation army
government family

抽象名词

抽象名词:光背下来还不行。
总单词量:166个
类别:9个
因为抽象名词主要说的是“事”,而“事”都是“人”做的,所以,这个类别的词基本可以按照人“说的”“做的”“想的”来分类。

话语类
words topic subject joke question suggestion instruction permission

文字类
document story report note text letter email list menu novel blog
rule:law grammar principle

信息类
information message fact detail evidence clue background data sign
knowledge news update notice

状态类
state condition environment
situation:mess balance peace emergency chance opportunity

行为类
act practice test experiment lesson attention focus step education
advertisement trick habit business exercise bath security treatment
service homework
job:task project challenge
duty:responsibility fault
performance:concert drama opera
study:math art science psychology philosophy
arrangement:deal insurance account engagement
occasion:party wedding funeral picnic barbecue ceremony meeting
interview
money:profit income salary loan cash cost credit deposit price tax
bill budget

活动类
activity game discipline crime trade economy politics war trip fashion
industry
sports:soccer football golf basketball race

思想类
thought idea view theory religion
plan:strategy policy program

整体类
network internet series career
system:language transport

其他类
favor privilege mistake risk advantage benefit problem trouble
surprise secret award prize diet property option case example sample
score limit experience effort energy figure

构成类名词

构成类名词:你的外在与内在
总单词量:65个
类别:8个
我们在描述一个事物的时候既要知道它们是什么,也要知道它们都是由什么东西构成的。这就是构成类名词的作用。

核心词
part

部位
side edge base core

身体
head eye ear face nose foot mouth tooth tongue neck shoulder breast
chest stomach arm hand finger nail leg knee throat brain heart lung muscle
bone nerve hair skin blood sweat

精神
mind spirit soul emotion
feeling:shame stress respect desire pain sense

力量
strength force
power:authority
ability:sight intelligence memory skill

动物
tail wing

植物
flower leaf root branch

其他
whole rest half

属性类名词

属性类名词:你的状态
总单词量:70个
类别:12个
想要了解一个事物光知道它是什么类别、由啥组成的还不够,还得知道它都有
些什么特点,也就是它的属性。

属性也要从两方面来看,一是“人”和“物”的属性,因为这两者是静态的,所以我们叫它静态属性;二是“事”的属性,因为“事”是发展变化的,有原因有结果,所以我们叫它动态属性。

静态属性

形状
shape appearance

尺寸
size space

位置
position
point line end
bottom middle top front back center corner left right direction:east
west north south

品质
quality feature character personality

其他属性
color
weight
tone
material
structure

数量
amount number measurement distance volume angle temperature
level:degree grade rank standard rate:speed percentage

类别
kind type

动态属性

方式
form
way:behavior mood logic tradition culture style pattern relation
manner

原因
cause reason source excuse factor

目的
purpose goal

结果
effect result

过程
course process

动词

一个意思往往会有两种表达方式,一种是比较直接的,用一个词就可以解决,就是指“世故型”的动词;另一种是用解释的方式,用的词虽然多一些,但更加具体,就是指这种“单纯型”的动词。

单纯型动词

单纯型动词:广交天下朋友
总单词量:114个
类别:15个

本源词
be go come make

归属
拥有某物 have
得到某物 get
给出某物 give
拿到某物 take

终点位置
使到达某一位置 put
使轻轻到达某一位置 lay place
使从其他位置到达说话者位置 bring
使从说话者位置到达其他位置 send
使位置暂停改变 hold
使位置保持不变 keep
位置保持不变 stay hang settle

相互位置
一事物到另一事物上面 cover
一事物到另一事物下面 support
两事物混合 mix
两事物互换 switch
两事物相连 link join connect stick tie
两事物相遇 meet
两事物交叉 cross

运动轨迹
从一个点到另一个点 move shift
经过某个点 pass
低点往高点 raise lift rise
高点往低点 drop fall
一事物在另一事物后面 follow
一事物在另一事物前面 lead
一物载另一物 carry
往复运动 bounce roll shake screw

速度
快速运动 run rush hurry

力量
轻轻接触 touch
用力接触 hit knock crash
使快速运动 throw
用力接触并来回移动 rub
用力使事物脱离原来的位置 pull
对事物朝某一方向用力 push draw press

空间
空间开放或关闭 open close shut
一事物进入某一空间 fit enter
一事物进入某一空间(气体或液体) fill pump spill spray
事物离开某一空间 clean clear wipe
事物离开某一地点 leave quit
一事物到达某一地点 arrive reach
一事物固定在某一个空间 fix set

时间
某事发生 begin start happen
某事结束 finish
某事停止 stop

方向
一个方向到另一个方向 turn
整体与部分
从大到小(用力) break crack split tear
从大到小 divide
从多到少 cut

形状
bend fold twist stretch spread

尺寸
grow

行为
look see listen hear say speak talk tell ask think believe know like
love do

系动词
become seem feel sound smell taste

世故型动词

世故型动词:朋友少,但效率高
总单词量:219个
类别:14个


find watch observe ignore search show


意见:agree cancel let allow
告诉:claim warn introduce explain express confirm
要求:beg charge order
带有情感地说:argue blame praise encourage complain promise insist
shout threat
其他:answer call count pronounce


consider guess deserve offer
doubt suspect trust forget remember imagine mean
learn understand wonder
decide try want hope wish expect
will shall should may might can must dare need
impress attract

感觉
enjoy suffer appreciate care hate worry thank welcome bless thrill
freak shock bother annoy disturb

自然现象
die live burn boil

人体行为
肢体:dance ride lie climb beat
上肢:hug
下肢:sit stand walk kick jump skip
面部:smile laugh cry
嘴巴:eat kiss suck lick blow cough sing
鼻子:breathe
皮肤:bleed
精神:sleep wake relax
健康:hurt injure cure inject

生活行为
cook bake fry drive measure wear wash tape record post travel screw
dig hide pack mark

社会行为
buy sell shop pay spend waste invite rent fight kill steal cheat invest
rob wait marry divorce borrow lend owe vote bet celebrate
play pretend
help direct entertain interrupt distract
design build invent copy
prepare organize manage handle treat control
use apply save choose accept pick collect win fail miss lose
check examine compare solve analyze

运动
skate swim fly shoot

工作
work interview hire fire compete retire

学习
read write spell translate

事物之间的关系
match qualify equal share include separate belong depend involve

事物的发展变化
change develop improve reduce add promote

事物相互作用
damage spoil ruin affect attack

形容词

总单词量:208个
类别:47个
根据牛津词典的统计,形容词的数量仅次于名词,约占词汇总数的四分之一,比动词多出将近一倍。但在我们的R词汇表里,形容词不但没有动词多,甚至比它还要少三分之一。因为我们根本不需要掌握那么多,只要把形容词里面最基础、最不可或缺的学到就可以了。

物的属性与构成

大小
big huge little small medium

高低
high low

长短
long short tall

深浅
deep shallow

粗细
thick thin fat slim

宽窄
narrow wide

重量
heavy light

正斜
straight curved flat

形状
round square

距离
near far

事物与空间
full empty blank bare dirty

时间
new fresh

数量
extra only single poor rich slight total

质地
hard soft tough tender smooth rough sharp blunt fresh raw pure plain
even

力量
strong weak tight loose firm tense

状态
liquid gas solid

温度
hot warm cold cool

湿度
dry wet

亮度
bright dark dull

味道
sweet bitter delicious sour spicy

声音
loud quiet

人的属性与构成

时间
young old

身体
hungry ill sick tired blind sore born pregnant alive

行为
busy violent wild

外表
beautiful ugly sexy

心智
smart clever stupid confused awake asleep familiar patient

态度
polite lazy honest rude brave aggressive

情感
interested curious proud sure confident

心情
happy glad sad upset sorry guilty calm afraid angry crazy mad excited
bored disappointed jealous lonely

事的属性与构成

难度
easy hard difficult

时间
late due urgent efficient

可能性
possible available

安全性
dangerous safe

其他
wrong strict correct proper lucky fair successful

综合属性

品质(好)
good nice fine great perfect wonderful amazing excellent

品质(坏)
bad terrible awful

真实性
real true false fake

完整性
complete

精确性
exact specific

复杂性
complicated simple

其他
fun horrible weird strange comfortable incredible gross

事物关系

特殊性
special regular

一致性
same different

普遍性
typical normal common general popular average particular own

重要性
serious causal important main formal professional

必要性
necessary

关联性
free relative legal physical mental local native international cheap
expensive separate public worth

介词

总单词量:48个
类别:14个
介词主要是按照它们的功能进行分类的。我们需要重点学习的是前两大类:表示动态位置的介词和静态位置的介词。

动态位置

轨迹
across along past over up down through on off in out against

起点
from

终点
to toward for about

静态位置


at

点与点
by beside before after behind between around

点与平面
beyond under above below

点与空间
outside inside within

从属
of with without

时间
during since till

替代
instead of

比较
than as

整体与部分
besides among except including

因果
according to

其他
despite per

其他词

总单词量:123个
类别:9个

副词

时间
now early just then recently ago already yet ever never forever

位置
here there

方向
away forth apart together aside

数量
extra alone

程度
quite much very well extremely almost enough

强调
actually especially absolutely certainly

速度
fast slow soon suddenly immediately gradually

频率
again often usually always

顺序
finally eventually

转折
otherwise

可能性
probably perhaps maybe

递进
also too either neither else

引导
when where how why what

连词

因果
because

转折
but though

并列
and

条件
if unless except

时间
while

选择
or whether

限定词

顺序
last next

数量
all any some both each either neither every few many much

指代
this that these those another such

代词

I you he she we they it

疑问代词

which who

冠词

a an the

感叹词

bye hello no yes pardon please wow damn

缩略词

Mr. Ms.

数词

zero one two three four five six seven eight nine ten hundred thousand
million billion