Hexo环境搭建

前言

重装了系统,Hexo没法使用了。第一次安装的时候,没有做任何记录,这次刚好记录一下。

hexo官网

http://hexo.io/

下载安装git

git官方下载地址:http://git-scm.com/download/
分享一个14年版本:http://yunpan.cn/cwqWapRIyFWrA 访问密码 8f1b
下载好之后,双击安装,一路next即可。唯一需要注意的是,在Select Components界面,点选Simple context menu。

下载安装Node.js

Node.js官方下载地址:https://nodejs.org/ ,Current version: v0.12.4
分享一个v0.10.31:http://yunpan.cn/cwqtqY8FCpdZc 访问密码 951e
下载好之后,双击安装,一路next即可。

安装Hexo

右击任意位置,选择Git Bash Here。执行命令:
npm install -g hexo,报错如下:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
npm ERR! Error: shasum check failed for C:\Users\ADMINI~1\AppData\Local\Temp\npm
-30024-KDJHJzgP\registry.npmjs.org\hexo-cli\-\hexo-cli-0.1.6.tgz
npm ERR! Expected: 7dc3ab939d0889c4bed6a961605ff3e2d67f67a2
npm ERR! Actual: 41de7d67a9b764352eb07c49c32fc38dd7f479b9
npm ERR! From: https://registry.npmjs.org/hexo-cli/-/hexo-cli-0.1.6.tgz
npm ERR! at d:\Program Files\nodejs\node_modules\npm\node_modules\sha\index.
js:38:8
npm ERR! at ReadStream.<anonymous> (d:\Program Files\nodejs\node_modules\npm
\node_modules\sha\index.js:85:7)
npm ERR! at ReadStream.emit (events.js:117:20)
npm ERR! at _stream_readable.js:943:16
npm ERR! at process._tickCallback (node.js:419:13)
npm ERR! If you need help, you may report this *entire* log,
npm ERR! including the npm and node versions, at:
npm ERR! <http://github.com/npm/npm/issues>

npm ERR! System Windows_NT 6.2.9200
npm ERR! command "d:\\Program Files\\nodejs\\node.exe" "d:\\Program Files\\nodej
s\\node_modules\\npm\\bin\\npm-cli.js" "install" "-g" "hexo"
npm ERR! cwd C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop
npm ERR! node -v v0.10.31
npm ERR! npm -v 1.4.23
npm ERR! registry error parsing json
npm ERR!
npm ERR! Additional logging details can be found in:
npm ERR! C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop\npm-debug.log
npm ERR! not ok code 0

莫非是因为被墙了?换国内镜像源试试。
npm config set registry="http://registry.cnpmjs.org"
然后再次执行npm install -g hexo,成功!

创建hexo文件夹

在任意文件夹下(如E:\hexo),打开Git Bash,执行命令:
hexo init
Hexo 即会在目标文件夹建立网站所需要的所有文件。

安装依赖包

npm install

命令缩写

hexo generate = hexo g
hexo server = hexo s
hexo deploy = hexo d
hexo new = hexo n

本地查看

执行以下命令:
hexo g
hexo s
然后到浏览器输入http://localhost:4000查看效果。
至此,本地博客已经搭建起来了,别人看不到的。

部署到GitHub

注册

GitHub官网:http://www.github.com

创建repository

creat new repository,Repository name和自己的用户名相同。比如我的用户名为voidking,那么Repository name就填voidking.github.io。

_config.yml

编辑E:\hexo下的_config.yml,修改Deployment部分:

1
2
3
4
5
6
# Deployment
## Docs: http://hexo.io/docs/deployment.html
deploy:
type: git
repository: https://github.com/voidking/voidking.github.io.git
branch: master

部署

hexo d,执行该命令,报错:

1
ERROR Deployer not found: git

执行命令:
npm install hexo-deployer-git --save,再次执行hexo d,报错:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
INFO  Deploying: git
INFO Clearing .deploy folder...
INFO Copying files from public folder...
warning: LF will be replaced by CRLF in hello-world/index.html.
The file will have its original line endings in your working directory.
......
*** Please tell me who you are.

Run

git config --global user.email "you@example.com"
git config --global user.name "Your Name"

to set your account's default identity.
Omit --global to set the identity only in this repository.

fatal: unable to auto-detect email address (got 'Administrator@PC-201505290750.(none)')
Username for 'https://github.com': voidking
Password for 'https://voidking@github.com':
error: src refspec master does not match any.
error: failed to push some refs to 'https://github.com/voidking/voidking.github.io.git'
FATAL Something's wrong. Maybe you can find the solution here: http://hexo.io/docs/troubleshooting.html
Error: error: src refspec master does not match any.
error: failed to push some refs to 'https://github.com/voidking/voidking.github.io.git'

at ChildProcess.<anonymous> (E:\hexo\node_modules\hexo-deployer-git\node_modules\hexo-util\lib\spawn.js:42:17)
at ChildProcess.emit (events.js:98:17)
at maybeClose (child_process.js:756:16)
at Process.ChildProcess._handle.onexit (child_process.js:823:5)

估计必须要先配置SSH,然后才可以上传文件。

GitHub之SSH key

1、设置Git的user.name和user.email
在第一次使用Git时,你需要告诉你的协同开发者,你是谁以及你的邮箱,在你提交的时候,Git需要这两个信息。具体通过以下命令设置:
git config --global user.name "voidking"
git config --global user.email "voidking@qq.com"
需要注意的是,这里的name随意,邮箱是你的联系邮箱,与github完全无关。
查看配置命令:
git config --list

2、生成SSH密钥
ssh-keygen -t rsa -C "voidking@qq.com",按3个回车,密码为空。

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_rsa):
Created directory '/c/Users/Administrator/.ssh'.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
e6:9e:e7:ae:ad:ee:9f:f0:e5:6b:60:63:85:e8:cd:ae voidking@qq.com

C:\Users\Administrator\.ssh下,得到两个文件id_rsa和id_rsa.pub。
需要注意的是,命令中的-C参数,后面跟的内容是注释。也就是说,内容随意,与github完全无关。

3、在GitHub上添加SSH密钥
打开id_rsa.pub,复制全文。https://github.com/settings/ssh ,Add SSH key,粘贴进去。

4、测试
ssh git@github.com,提示:

1
2
3
4
5
6
The authenticity of host 'github.com (192.30.252.128)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 16:27:ac:a5:76:28:2d:36:63:1b:56:4d:eb:df:a6:48.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'github.com,192.30.252.128' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
Hi voidking! You've successfully authenticated, but GitHub does not provide shell access.
Connection to github.com closed.

再次部署

hexo d,根据提示输入用户名和密码,等待一会儿便成功了!

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
INFO  Deploying: git
INFO Clearing .deploy folder...
INFO Copying files from public folder...
warning: LF will be replaced by CRLF in hello-world/index.html.
The file will have its original line endings in your working directory.
......
[master (root-commit) 7124e90] Site updated: 2015-05-30 23:04:14
28 files changed, 5746 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 hello-world/index.html
......
warning: LF will be replaced by CRLF in hello-world/index.html.
The file will have its original line endings in your working directory.
......
Username for 'https://github.com': voidking
Password for 'https://voidking@github.com':
Branch master set up to track remote branch master from https://github.com/voidking/voidking.github.io.git.
To https://github.com/voidking/voidking.github.io.git
* [new branch] master -> master
INFO Deploy done: git

访问测试

访问:http://voidking.github.io/ ,可以看到,Hexo已经搭建成功!

参考文档

官方文档:
http://hexo.io/docs/

GitHub Pages
https://pages.github.com/

hexo系列教程:(二)搭建hexo博客
http://zipperary.com/hexo-guide-2/

Git SSH Key 生成步骤
http://blog.csdn.net/hustpzb/article/details/8230454/

Getting Started - First-Time Git Setup
http://git-scm.com/book/en/v2/Getting-Started-First-Time-Git-Setup

git-scm
http://git-scm.com/

0%